Ijtihad & Taqleed (5)
If I was following one of the Maraje‘ , who was not the a‘lam amongst present ones, and I was not sure of this until the a‘lam Marje‘ passed away, what is the validity of my taqleed?
It is obligatory, as a precaution, to follow the a‘lam from now on, and the passed deeds are deemed valid.
If there are two faqih individuals and one of them is more learned than the other in Politics and Jihad, is it obligatory to refer to him?
It is obligatory, as a precaution, to refer to the faqih who is more learned in rulings (ahkam), and as for political affairs and such general issues, the authority is the judgment of The Council of Maraje ‘ Fuqaha’.
Is it permissible to switch from one living Mujtahid to another living one, if it becomes evident that the other Mujtahid is more learned.
Yes it is permissible.
What a Muslim scholar should do when you think about a subject is different from the opinion of the Marja Taqlid? He should follow the opinion of Marja, or should follow his own Ijtihad?
He should follow the opinion of his own Marja Taqlid if he is not a Mujtahid.
If people doing the taqleed of a specific marja and wants to change there marja to Sayed Shirazi, is permissible to do so
If it is proven to them that one Marja is more knowledgeable than another Marja Taqlid, it is an obligatory precaution for them to change.