Yes it is permissible
Can you please clarify why exactly women and children are not included? Or rather, what exactly this phrase means and perhaps the reason behind it.
Referring to the translation aforementioned, the translator has not been accurate enough, since the sentence referred to in your email should read: “O Allah forgive so and so, mentioning the name of the believing men in place of so and so.” In general there are many issues that we do not know the reason for the way they are. For example we do not know the reason for the Salaat-al-Fajr being two Rak’ah, and not three or four, etc. And the reason for mentioning the men in the Qunut of Salaat-al-Witr could be of such category. However, when it is said that forty men should be mentioned in the Qunut, it does not mean exclude the women and children, but in fact to include them, since men are considered as the head of the family and to represent them. Therefore when a man is mentioned in the prayers it is intended to include that man as well as his family, i.e. the idea is to pray for forty family, each of which is referred to by the head, or representative of that family. Furthermore, one may also pray for women and children, provided you mention the minimum number of (40) men.
If you use the washroom and clean yourself of excretment with running water. Then pray and notice that there is still some excretment left. What is the order of your prayer? Is your wudu still valid? Is your body tahir?
You are required to repeat your prayers after coming to notice this fact.
The imam of my mosque does not recite the 3rd tasshhud in prayers but I would like to recite it, he is a follower of another Marja and I am a follower of yours. May I pray behind him.
There is no problem, you may pray behind him
I am going to travel 3 times in a week four business, my minimum journey is near about 100 km, please tell me about my prayers, full or qasar.
If the journey you are mentioning is less than three days then your prayers are Qasr.
No it is not permissible to do so.
Because only Arabic words should be stated inside the prayer, and “Ameen” is not an Arabic word, it is a Hebrew word “Amen”.
You are considered as a frequent traveler and your prayers are to be offered in full.
No it is not allowed to pray with cat hair on your clothes. The clothes must be changed and washed.
What should a worshipper (male or female) do if one is performing Salah, and somebody comes and takes away the turbah one was going to prostrate on?
They should take out a piece of tissue or paper if possible, and perform Sujood on it. If not, then they should place both thumbs together and perform Sujood on the nails of the thumbs.
Yes it is permissible to do so. But our teachings say to look at the place of your Sujood.
You estimate with precaution and offer them as soon as possible