Is music Halaal or Haraam in Islam?
According to the clear hadith from the infallible Imams (AS), Music is Haraam. On this basis, the Fatwa (decree) of Ayatollah Imam Muhammad Shirazi is that Music is Haraam. This includes listening to music, playing musical instruments, and buying or selling such instruments. Any kind of music, which would be in the category of being “moving” music, is Haraam. Furthermore, the music that could be categorised as “not moving”, but played by the same or similar instruments, is also Haraam. In short, music is Haraam whether or not it could be categorised as “moving”. Along the same line, the “music of the human voice”, i.e. singing, even without the playing of musical instruments, is also Haraam. This is so, to the extent that even if the Qur’an is recited in a “singing” manner, this action is regarded as Haraam. Needles to say, in Islam one is encouraged, according to many hadith, to recite the Qur’an in the “best manner” to the extent that the listener would be touched by it, and that listening to this recitation would create humility in one’s heart before Allah (SWT). But this is different from when one is “singing” the Qur’an. It may be asked, “How do we differentiate between the singing of the Qur’an and the recitation or TILAWAH of the Qur’an?” The answer is this is determined by the ‘URF which is the “common definition amongst the public” or the “general consensus”. If the recitation of the Qur’an is seen as “recitation” and “TILAWAH” then it is Halaal, and if it is seen and regarded as “singing”, then that singing of the Qur’an is Haraam. Some may call the sound of sea waves, waterfall, willowing wind, etc. to be music. If this is the case then this kind of “music” is Halaal! Provided that it is not accompanied by the conventional singing or the playing of conventional musical instrument(s).